Peoria, IL.
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"Sumner R Clarke, Sec. & Treas." (1884), "Charles S Easton, Asst. Manager" (1893-1894), "W S Easton, Manager, Charles S Easton, Asst. Manager" (1895).

The Manhattan Distilling Co. was founded by Charles S Easton, Sumner R Clarke, and Franklin Hall. They built their distillery from a shell of two abandoned slaughterhouses. In time, the distillery was sold to the Whiskey Trust and Joseph B. Greenhut became Vice President.

Sometime around 1891, Greenhut invited Dr Jokichi Takamine of Japan to join the distillery and develop a fermentation process based on barley bran rather than malt to speed the production of a mash for distillation. The Manhattan was modified to accommodate the new process and production was implemented in 1894. The Trust was dissolved and the Manhattan placed into the hands of receivers, who reinstated the old production method.

Dr. Takamine is most famous for the acquisition and gift of cherry trees that blossom in Washington DC every spring.

The company used the brand name: "Manhattan Club Pure Rye."

Business name timeline:
Manhattan Distilling Co. (1884-1888), Manhattan Distillery (1890-1903)

Address timeline:
Foot of Cass

Business category timeline (abbreviations decoded below):

Years that company appeared in directories
Years directories were consulted
Peoria directory notes

Appearance in directories:
1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903

Directories consulted:
1844, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1860, 1861, 1863, 1865, 1867, 1868, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1873, 1875, 1877, 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1886, 1887, 1888, 1890, 1891, 1892, 1893, 1894, 1895, 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919

Peoria directory notes:
D = Distilleries, L = Liquor Merchants (1856), W = Liquors, Wholesale, S = Saloons (1881). In the early years (ca 1863-1867) , addresses were often omitted (indicated by "nd"). There was a street renumbering, perhaps city-wide but evident in Washington addresses, in 1872/1873, with both old and new numbers indicated in the 1873 directories. The 1881 directory shows that Water St. has been renumbered. Directires are missing Liquor wholesalers for 1901, no distillers for 1904 or 1905. Several years are missing copies. There are no liquor-related entries for 1920. My directory copies include partial listings for Saloons for 1881-1886: they were not included here.

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